“Mingalarbar” is the formal greeting words of Myanmar. Myanmar (formally known as Burma) has been isolated from the rest of the world for some decades. Myanmar offers great historical value, rich cultural heritage and a unique daily life style. The Myanmar people who have often been described as the most friendly, with a happy face and openhearted people in the world of Asia. Myanmar has the most impressive Buddhist monuments, more than 5000 ancient Temples and stupas in 10 century archaeological Bagan, finest wooden architectures in Mandalay and unique lifestyle amidst the Shan plateau, unspoiled white beaches or snow-capped mountains of the Himalayas in the extreme north are just to mention a few. Visitors to our country will also be surprised to learn that we have 135 different ethnic groups with their own special culture and customs – all waiting to be explored.
The union of Myanmar is 2,61,228 square miles (676,577 square kilometers). It stretches for 582 miles (936 kilometers) from east to west and 1,275 miles (2,051 kilometers) from north to south. The length of contiguous frontier is 3,828 miles (6,129 kilometers), sharing 1,370 miles with China, 1,310 miles with Thailand, 832 miles with India, 1,687 miles with Bangladesh and 148 miles with Laos respectively.
The first Myanmar state was founded by King Anawrahta in the 11th century. It was the zenith period of Myanmar. In 1287, Bagan was conquered by the Mongols under Kublai Khan. In the second quarter of the 16th century, a new Myanmar dynasty emerged from the sleepy principality of Taungoo in central Myanmar by King Bayintnaung. After his death, the invasions of Portuguese, Thais, and Manipuri horsemen brought on the decline of the period. The dynasty was finally toppled by a Mon rebellion in 1752.
In 1752, Alaungpaya founded the Konbaung dynasty by restoring Myanmar rule first at Ava and later in the delta. Then, Myanmar was occupied by the British after three Anglo-Myanmar Wars in 1824, 1852 and 1885 with the last capital of Myanmar Kingdom-Mandalay. During the Second World War, Myanmar was conquered by the Japanese and the British returned back after the war. In 1948, Myanmar gained back her independence.
The climate of Myanmar is roughly divided into three seasons: hot season, rainy season and cold season. The Hot Season (Summer) is from March to May with average temperatures 25-38 C˚. The Rainy Season is from June to October with average temperatures 23-33 C˚. The Cold season (Winter) is from November to February with average temperatures 18-24 C˚. The tropical monsoon is usually cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers are less cloudy, scant rainfall. During Winter we have mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter. The best time to visit Myanmar is during the Winter, but it doesn’t rain much up country in the rainy season and even then just for part of the day. So nowadays many people are coming in the off season and finding better rates and more greenery. So the travel season is now virtually all year round.
CULTURE & RELIGION
Myanmar lies between the world’s great civilizations – China and India. Myanmar people maintain the tradition of close family ties, respect for elders. The firm grounding of Buddhism in Myanmar culture contributed over the years to the building of many pagodas, which stand proudly to prove the grandeur role of Myanmar culture. Most of Myanmar people embrace Theravada Buddhism as their religion which greatly influence their daily and social lives. There is freedom of worship for all other religions and so, many followers of Christianity, Muslims, Hindus, other Sectarian beliefs including animists and Nat worshippers. All believers of their faiths live in harmony and peace. They live a simple life and are easily contented. Simple and modest dresses and traditional native costumes of the different tribes. Myanmars are known for their hospitality and friendliness.
ရန္ကုန္ – အေကာက္ေတာင္ – ျပည္ဘုရားစံု
Mandalay – Mount Popa – Bagan – Mandalay
Mandalay – Bagan – Yangon
Yangon – Bago – Kyaikhtiyo – Bago – Yangon
Yangon – Thanlyin – Twante – Yangon
FL / Y -003
Yangon – Bagan – Mandalay – Inle – Yangon
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Yangon – Bago – Kyaikhtiyo – Bagan – Mandalay – Inle – Yangon